Biathlon

As a sport that has its roots in the army, Biathlon has become a very exciting and popular discipline for university students. Biathlon was included in the sports programme for the first time during the 1983 FISU Winter Universiade that took place in Sofia, Bulgaria. The biathlon competition has already been held 14 times at the Winter Universiade from 1983 to 2017, with the exception of 1985, 1987, 1991 and 1995.

About Biathlon

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2017

29 January - 8 February 2017

EVENTS winter universiade

All Events Winter Universiade

2021

 Lucerne (SUI) 21-31 January

2019

 Krasnoyarsk (RUS), 2-12 March

2017

Almaty (KAZ), 29 Jan. - 8 Feb.

2015

 Granada (ESP), 4-14 February

2015

 Strbske Pleso / Osrblie (SVK) 24 Jan. - 1 Feb.

2013

 Trentino (ITA) 11-21 December

Biathlon

FISU Technical Delegate

Ondrej RYBAR (CZE)

International Federation



International Biathlon Union

FISU Regulations

The events are organised in accordance with the most recent technical regulations of the International Biathlon Union (IBU). The FISU regulations are set up on the recommendation of the FISU Technical Chair and the IBU Technical Delegate in close cooperation with the Committee for Sports Regulations (CRS), and they are approved by the FISU Executive Committee. The programme and duration of the competitions are fixed by the Executive Committee in agreement with the Organising Committee and the CTI. Duration of the competition – 8 days maximum.


Biathlon Competitions

The programme of competitions has been updated for the previous Winter Universiades to arouse more interest among spectators and for TV broadcasting, and FISU has always endeavoured to keep developing the biathlon competition with IBU.

Today’s biathlon competitions are organised for men and women as follows:

 

Men

Women

Individual 20 km

Individual 15 km

Sprint 10 km

Sprint 7,5 km

Pursuit 12,5 km

Pursuit 10 km

Mass-start 15 km

Mass-start 12,5 km

Relay: Mixed Relay 2x6 km W + 2x7,5 km M

 

At the 2009 Winter Universiade in Harbin, the competition included Mixed Relay for the first time. This gave countries with fewer competitors more opportunities to participate.
The competitions are always supervised by the FISU Technical Chair and the IBU Technical Delegate, who chair all technical meetings concerned. All tracks must follow the requirements of IBU and get an IBU license.

 

The History of Biathlon in FISU

As a sport that has its roots in the army, biathlon has become a very exiting sport for university students. In February 1983, the FISU Winter Universiade was staged in Sofia, Bulgaria. The global character of the games was reflected in the number of disciplines on the programme and the biathlon competition was included in the sports programme for the first time. Seven countries and 34 male athletes competed. The Soviets sailed through the competition and won the first three places. Until today’s competitions Soviet students and students form Eastern European countries have kept showing their international class. Many Olympians have participated in Winter Universiades such as: Olga Zaytseva (RUS), an Olympic Champion in Torino 2006 and Vancouver 2010; Tomasz Sikora (POL), ranked 2nd  at the 2006 OWG in Torino; Olga Nazarova, ranked 6th and 7th at the 2006 OWG in Torino; and many others, who achieved excellent results in World Championships and World Cup competitions. The biathlon competition has already been held 14 times at the Winter Universiade from 1983 to 2017, with the exception of 1985, 1987, 1991 and 1995.

 

Minimum Requirements

Sports
No. of Events

Events

No. of Venues
(Competition and Training)

No. of Events

Note

Nine (9) events

Men:
Individual
20 km
Sprint 10 km
Pursuit 12.5 km
Mass-start
15 km

- One (1) biathlon venue complying with all the recent international standards of IBU (see the specific minimum requirements for biathlon)

 

 

 

- Stadium must refer to World Cup standards concerning the layout, but in case of TV coverage, there must be an electronic system

 

 

- Warm up area close to the
biathlon stadium

- Waxing cabins equipped
with hoofs and tables

Four (4) events

Regarding the biathlon targets, an electronic system should be used (for example: HORA 2000)

In case of TV coverage you must use the electronic targets for many reasons

Women:
Individual 15km
Sprint 7.5km
Pursuit 10km
Mass-Start 12.5km

Four (4) events

Mixed Relay (2x6 km W+2x7.5 km M)

One (1) mixed event

 

Competition Facilities

In accordance with the IBU Regulations and for approval by the FISU Technical Committee, the Organising Committee shall provide, for exclusive use: one (1) biathlon stadium with the requested equipment homologated by IBU (shooting range according to the IBU Event & Competition Rules) and one (1) penalty loop / the stadium must observe the World Cup standards regarding the layout and electronic target operating systems should be set up if a biathlon competition is broadcasted / team waxing cabins (in or close to the stadium) / warm-up area / ski-testing area (50 m wide and 30 m long) / one (1) 2.0 km course complying with the IBU requirements and homologated as ‘red’ / one (1) 2.5 km course complying with the IBU requirements and homologated as ‘green’ / one (1) 3 km course complying with the IBU requirements and homologated as ‘yellow’ / one (1) 3.3 km course complying with the IBU requirements and homologated as ‘blue’ / one (1) 4 km course complying with the IBU requirements and homologated as ‘brown’.

Note: Warm-up area (there must be a separate loop, in the proximity of the stadium and with easy access from team cabins, on which competitors can warm up. The loop should be approximately 600 m long and must be prepared in the same way as the competition loop, but it cannot be part of the competition course. This warm-up loop should also be available for all other events).

 

Previous Events

  • 2011 - 25th Winter Universiade – Erzurum (TUR)
  • 2009 - 24th Winter Universiade – Harbin (CHN)
  • 2007 - 23rd Winter Universiade – Torino (ITA)
  • 2005 - 22nd Winter Universiade – Innsbruck (AUT)
  • 2003 - 21st Winter Universiade – Tarvisio (ITA)
  • 2001 - 20th Winter Universiade – Zakopane (POL)
  • 1999 - 19th Winter Universiade – Poprad/Tatry (SVK)
  • 1997 - 18th Winter Universiade – Chonju/Muju (KOR)
  • 1993 - 16th Winter Universiade – Zakopane (POL)
  • 1989 - 14th Winter Universiade – Sofia (BUL)
  • 1983 - 11th Winter Universiade – Sofia (BUL)