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The History of Triathlon in FISU

Triathlon entered the programme of the FISU World University Championships in 1992 with a first edition organised in Darmstadt (GER), which welcomed 89 triathletes from 22 countries. Since then, nine other editions took place on three continents and each attracted around 120 participants. The 11th World University Triathlon Championship will take place in Yilan County (TPE) in 2012.

FISU Regulations

The competitions of triathlon will be run in accordance with the most recent technical rules of the International Triathlon Union (ITU), unless otherwise stated. In case of disagreement in the interpretation of the rules, the English text will be regarded as authoritative. The programme and the duration of the competitions are fixed by the Executive Committee in agreement with the Organising Committee and the CTI. The competitions will last one (1) day and will include the following events:
- Individual race, Olympic distances = 1.5 km swimming, 40 km cycling and 10 km running;
- Team classification
- Individual race, Olympic distances = 1.5 km swimming, 40 km cycling and 10 km running.
- Team classification

Minimum Requirements for Triathlon

The Organising Committee must provide, for exclusive use, a triathlon course with full support facilities as approved by the triathlon CT. The ITU regulations must be followed. Please refer to FISU REGS. SEC. F 112.17 to see the details about the number of days of competition and the number of teams competing.

Competition and Training Facilities

Type of Venue

Number of Venues

Changing Room Competitors

Changing Room TOJR*

Spectator Seating

Press and Media Seating

Venue for the Swimming Course


Gender Segregation




Venue for the Road Course


Venue for the Running Course


*TOJR Technical Officials, Judges and Referees


Swimming course

  • Measurement verification and water quality.
  • Buoy placement.
  • Lifeguards and boats.
  • Swimming starting area defined by hard control fencing.
  • There should be turns and their the angle should not exceed 90°.
  • The first turn buoy will be no less than 350 meters away from the start.
  • Carpets (for the start and connecting piers).
  • The water temperature must be in accordance with the ITU technical handbook.


  • Numbering /spacing of bike racks.
  • Marking of the mount /dismounting zone.
  • Equipment boxes.
  • Minimum width: 10 metres.
  • Entirely carpeted.
  • Numbered sticker in every box (body stickers for athletes).

Road Cycling course

  • Measurement verification.
  • Road courses must be safe and totally free of traffic.
  • Roads must be wide enough for two cars to pass each other at any point.
  • The course should be technically (corners, road surface) and physically (altitude difference, exposure to wind) challenging.
  • At least two systems for making up the results must be used (preferably transponders and manual).
  • A lap-counting board indicating the number of remaining laps and photo-finish must be available.
  • Hard fencing in high traffic areas.
  • On the road leading in and out the transition area

Official Timekeeper

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